What is IPO (Schutzhund)?

The Germans call it "hundesport", dog sport. For generations, people from around the World have been drawn into this unique idea of participating in an active sport with a dog. IPO (Internationale Pruefungs Ordnung) also referred to as Schutzhund, offers this in a way that no other sport can. It is outdoors. It is physical. It is mental. The demands are great, but the sport also offers competition and new friendships. In short, it is what all recreational sports should first be: good exercise, fun and full of rewards.

IPO started at the beginning of this century as a test for working dogs. Its initial purpose was to determine which dogs could be used for breeding and which had true working ability. The growing demand for working dogs made more sophisticated tests and training necessary. These dogs were needed for police training, border patrol, customs, military and herding. As these tests evolved, more people participated just for the sheer enjoyment of seeing if their personal dogs could be trained as effectively as these "professional dogs". Now, many decades after the first formal IPO rules were introduced, tens of thousands of people participate in the sport each year.

IPO tests three specific areas of a dog's training and behavior. The first, tracking, requires the dog to track footsteps over mixed terrain, change direction and show absolute accuracy and commitment to finding the track. It must also find dropped articles and indicate their locations to the handler. Often this is done under less than ideal circumstances with difficult cover, bad weather conditions and an aged track. Many find tracking to be the most satisfying experience in training, when only the handler and dog are working together. It is certainly the most peaceful part of IPO.

The second phase is obedience. Those who are familiar with KC obedience will feel more comfortable in this area, as many of the exercises are similar to those in Open and Utility. There is heeling, both on and off lead. The sit, down and stand are also done, except when the dog is moving. But IPO applies its own style to this work. Instead of a forty foot ring, the handler and dog work on a soccer sized trial field. Some exercises require the dog to work under the noise of a firing gun. In addition to the normal dumbbell retrieval, the dog must retrieve over a one meter jump and a six foot "A"-Frame. Down stays and a long send away conclude the test.

The final test is the most misunderstood by the general public. This is protection. The most important point to understand when watching a protection routine, is the relationship between dog and handler. The dog must never bite the trial helper, unless either the dog or the handler is attacked. Then it must attack fully and without hesitation. But here the real difference becomes apparent. The dog must stop biting on the command of the handler and guard the trial helper without further aggression. Often people confuse IPO  protection training with police dog or personal protection work. The IPO dog is capable of the feats of never being aggressive except under those specific situations it is trained to face, and even then it must always be under the absolute control of the handler. Click here for 2012 Rules

The above tests are difficult enough, but to make it even more demanding, they all happen in one day during competitions that are held all over the country. These trials are held by local clubs or in regional and national championships. Each dog is judged by a complex point system that then determines the winner of the trial.

When a dog successfully completes the first trial, it is awarded the title of BH. The BH test your general control in the Obedince part as well as testing the Temperment of your dog under every day situations like incuntering joggers, push bikes, cars and strangers. If successully passed both phases it can then progress to IPO1,  IPO2 and, the ultimate, IPO3. Each level makes ever greater demands on the dog and training in all three areas. Any IPO Enthusiest will tell you that a high scoring IPO3 dog is the ultimate working dog: one in a thousand of all working dogs.

In addition to the IPO1, 2 and 3 titles, other titles in advanced tracking, endurance test and Obedience, are awarded.

Today, IPO is more than the small group that started in Germany so long ago. Its organizations have several hundred thousand members, scattered across the World.